How Climate Can Affect Wine

The climate that grapes are grown in will affect the wine that is produced from those grapes. There are many variables that go into making a bottle of wine. The amount of sun the grapes received, the care that the vines receive, the amount of water the grapes have received during the growing season, unusually hot weather in one of the climate areas right down to how the wine was processed and what notes the winemaker was trying for. With all of that in mind, it is the climate in which the grapes themselves were grown that plays the biggest role in the resulting bottle of wine.

Warm Mediterranean Climates 

The Warm  Mediterranean climates, such as those found in Languedoc where we get our grapes for our French-American wines, have consistent temperatures and slower seasonal changes. This long season has two effects on grapes. One it gives them a long time to fully ripen, gaining in alcohol and fruity flavors. During this time the grapes also lose some of their natural acidity. Wines from warmer climates also tend to be darker in color. The sweeter, more sugary grapes allow for an increased level of alcohol resulting in a more full-bodied wine. These wines will be full, soft and fruity. Wines from these areas often come with the flavor notes of plums, blueberries, blackberries, and even chocolate notes. The thicker skin that grapes develop in warm climates leads to more tannins in the resulting wine. 

Cool Maritime Climates 

Cool climates like those around the North Fork of Long Island have a sharper seasonal change. The cooler growing season can make it difficult for the grapes to ripen, but in turn, they keep their natural acidity. This will result in more tart fruit flavors and higher acids. Grapes grown in these cooler regions don't develop as many natural sugars as warm-climate grapes. These wines generally have a lower alcohol content, due to lower sugar levels and a lighter body. Wines from these climates are often described as nuanced, elegant, and fresh. These wines often have a description of more tart fruits such as cranberry, raspberry or sour cherry and even green apple. They can also boast herbaceous notes and have a mild spicy flavor. Some will also have earthy flavors. Wines produced in cooler climates can have added sugars to help the fermentation process. This will result in a larger variance between the years of production. 

A Balance Between Regions

Maiden+Liberty blend of the grapes grown in these two different climates results in delicious well balanced French-America reds and whites sure to fit right in with your flavor palate. Looking for a taste of each region? Why not try our Long Island Chardonnay or Cabernet Franc or perhaps our Languedoc Cabernet Sauvignon or French Rosé which is perfectly refreshing on a hot Long Island summers day. From our family to yours, we hope you enjoy our wines with friends, & family on any occasion!